Wednesday, February 22, 2017

In the 16th century Netherlands revolution, after decades of struggle, finally established the Dutch league northern provinces provincial republic

In the 16th century Netherlands revolution, after decades of struggle, finally established the Dutch league northern provinces provincial republic.
The rest of the south is still in the feudal autocracy and Spain under the control of the Catholic church, it is no longer called Netherlands, renamed Flanders, equivalent to about Belgium today, is a historical area.
17 th-century Flanders dominant is baroque art, it is mainly by the court and church and noble aesthetic taste, but also by the Italian art. Flanders show gorgeous art at this moment, dynamic and colorful art style, more close to the Italian art on modelling, the mystery of the Netherlands oil painting and the Renaissance art, guileless, rich folk flavor of works has greatly different its interest.
In the 17th century Flanders is the greatest artist Rubens Peter Paul Rubens (1577 ~ 1577). He was born in Antwerp, father is a lawyer. Teenage years he worked as a noble, and proficient in German, French, rand sven and Latin, after painting. In 1598, he became an artist, and open studio to teach students. The age of 23 Rubens went to Italy, all the duke's court painter, began a period of eight years studying period in Italy. He copying the works of many masters in Venice, and extensive research studied the Renaissance Italian factions of the artist's paintings. Italy's classical culture, the Rubens has a decisive influence of art development in the future.
He was back to Antwerp, 31 years old, Flanders archduke seal for court painter, became the most popular artist. He put the Italian art perfectly into their style of elegant, create both exaggerated form, changeful lines, bright color, exquisite detail depiction, free and easy pen, and do not break right proportion and exquisite sculpt art. Rubens is not only good at painting colorful large, also good at make these work is permeated with vigorous vitality, his characters are mostly strong, energetic, or the image of the plump. His work with a very strong appeal, give a person with thriving angry, happy mood, the strong sensory stimulation. The splendor of his art is suitable rendering palace and eulogized the forces of imperial power, so people called him the baroque painting masters.
Several years after the return from Italy to Antwerp, Rubens created many exaggerated modelling, draw a great works, then his paintings very successful business. In order to deal with the order, he established a huge studio, hire some painters and assistant, and recruit students. Studio Rubens completed a large number of works, usually by himself to draft, draw the details, and then produced by students, assistant and other employment painter took over, finally completed by Rubens himself up. So, in his studio "produce" out of the thousands of works.
Rubens not only is famous for its old famous oil painting master, had been widely praised, and he was also made diplomatic envoys, often travel to Europe, to accept foreign order. He traveled to Spain, where they met velazquez, painter, get the favour of the king of Spain. Also visited the palace, paint for the British royal family, was the king granted order.
After the 1630 s, the artistic style of Rubens by strong motion and drama into a gentle lyric style, there are some beautiful landscapes.
Rubens art has the characteristics of the Netherlands, rare it was basically belongs to the system of Italian art, he completed the task of albrecht durer began 100 years ago - to break the boundaries of art, Netherlands and southern Europe have both the essence of art.
Rubens painting techniques is usually a complete method, or directly on the canvas with colour, pen is bold and unrestrained, bright color and lively. He always gives his work with vibrant life picture, all the men and women characters from his pen is his favorite kind lively vitality. But some of his image is too strong, a bit flashy, lack of inner temperament.
Anyhow, Rubens bold colour, intense light and shade, full of vitality of the image, to the 19th century romanticism art has a direct and far-reaching influence.
Oil painting: queen Mary landed at port of marseille, the painter: Rubens
Painting: the queen Mary landed at port of marseille painter: Rubens
Rubens life works very abundant, his main representative works include "the daughter of Lv Xipu, of capture", "on the cross" (1610), "the cross", "Mary meidi's life paintings" (1623), the war of w. connor o (1618), "the garden of love" (1634), "Helen Buddha, and the two sons of Rubens (1636), the landscape of the rainbow (1640) and so on.
In the students and assistants of Rubens, one of the most accomplished to Anthony van Dyck (Dr. An Dyck 1599 ~ 1641). He mastered the teacher after depicting the skills of various objects, king Charles I and nobles recognition, become a court painter of Charles I. His work with Rubens on temperament and emotional appeal is very different, often exude grace and microstrip melancholy mood, also than Rubens delicate painting style. Van dyke especially in portrait, has a far-reaching influence on the British painting development. From his works, we learned that the British aristocracy gentle demeanor and temperament, see the idealized image of British society.
Oil painting: st. Martin's cut his cloak, painter, van dyck
Oil painting: "the saint Martin cut open his cloak" painter: van dyke
Van dyke's representative works include "Charles I ride a horse like", "", and his wife portrait, portrait of marquise", etc.
Jol when si (J.J ordaens 1593-1678) was a famous painter at that time, one of the partners Rubens. He accepted the invitation from the Rubens and with Rubens completed some important creation. His main achievement in inherit and carry forward traditional aspects of Flanders genre painting. "Autumn harvest", "the king of beans,", "Mr Tyre in peasant's" is his representative works, these works to the description of Flanders citizens life, full of life interest and optimism

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